The Chevrolet Monte Carlo is a two-door coupe that was produced by Chevrolet through six generations from the 1970 to the 2007 model years. It was marketed as a personal luxury car, with the last generation classified as a full-sized coupé When production ended in 2007, the Monte Carlo had outlived many competitors that were either discontinued or changed in concept to either a four-door sedan or small sport coupe.

The car was named for the city Monte Carlo in the Principality of Monaco, specifically the ward of Monte Carlo/Spélugues.

The first four generations of the Monte Carlo (1970–72, 1973–77, 1978–80, and 1981–88) were of a rear-wheel-drive, V8-powered (a V6 engine from 1978) coupe design, utilizing body-on-frame construction. The later rear-wheel-drive generations did not incorporate the trend of uni-body construction that became more prevalent in the early 1980s as automakers downsized their vehicle lines to satisfy increasing demand for fuel-economy after the 1973 oil crisis and the early 1980s recession. The SS model was reintroduced from mid-1983 to 1988 with a 305cuin (5.0L) V8.

After the discontinuation of the rear-drive Monte Carlo after 1988, the nameplate was revived in 1995 for the fifth-generation, a front-drive, V6-powered coupe based on the Chevrolet Lumina sedan. The sixth and final-generation Monte Carlo in 2000 was built alongside the Chevrolet Impala, which succeeded the Lumina as Chevy's mid-sized sedan. The Monte Carlo SS was revived from 2000 to 2007, that was initially powered by 3.8L V6 (supercharged in 2004 and 2005) and by a 5.3L V8 for 2006 and 2007.