The Tesla Model S is a full-sized all-electric five-door, luxury liftback, produced by Tesla Inc., and introduced in June 2012. It scored a perfect 5.0 NHTSA automobile safety rating, as well as being the "third fastest accelerating production car ever produced," and the fastest accelerating car in production as of December 2016. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) official range for the 2012 Model S Performance model equipped with an 85kWh (310MJ) battery pack is 265 miles (426km), higher than any other electric car at the time. EPA rated its energy consumption at 237.5watt-hoursperkilometer (38kWh/100mi or 24kWh/100km) for a combined fuel economy of 89 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (2.64L/100km or 107mpg‑imp).
In 2016, Tesla updated the design of the Model S to closely match that of the Model X. As of January 2017, the following versions are available: 60, 60D, 75, 75D, 90D and P100D. Owners of the earlier 70 and 70D Model S have the option to unlock the 75kWh capacity via a software update, adding up to 19 miles (31km) per charge. The 60 and 60D Model S, reintroduced in June 2016, have a US$9,000 option to unlock the full 75kWh capacity via a software update any time after purchase. In August 2016, Tesla introduced the P100D as the new top-level model. The P100D model has a 100kWh battery, a 0–60mph (0–97km/h) time of 2.54 seconds, and has an option of 2.389 seconds, via a software update, and over 300 miles (485km) of EPA rated range.
The Model S became the first electric car to top the monthly new car sales ranking in any country, twice leading in Norway, in September and December 2013; and also in Denmark in December 2015. Global Model S sales passed the 150,000 unit milestone in November 2016, with the U.S. as the leading market with 57% of global sales. Other leading country markets are Norway, China, Hong Kong, the Netherlands, Canada, Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland.
The Tesla Model S has ranked as the world's best-selling plug-in electric car for two years in a row, 2015 and 2016. The Model S also ranked as the top selling plug-in electric car in the U.S. for two years running, 2015 and 2016. As of December 2016, the Model S is the world's second best selling plug-in electric car in history after the Nissan Leaf.
The Tesla Model S won awards including the 2013 World Green Car of the Year, 2013 Motor Trend Car of the Year, Automobile magazine's 2013 Car of the Year, Time Magazine Best 25 Inventions of the Year 2012 award and Consumer Reports top-scoring car in its road testing. In 2015, Car and Driver named the Model S the Car of the Century. After declining to recommend the Model S in 2015 due to reliability issues, one year later Consumer Reports added the car to the magazine's recommended list.