The Toyota Auris is a compact hatchback derived from the Toyota Corolla, manufactured and sold by Toyota. Introduced in 2006, the first generation shared the E150 platform with the Corolla, while the second generation compact five-door hatchback and station wagon called the Touring Sports uses the E180 platform. The name "Auris" is based on the Latin word for "gold", "aurum".
In Europe, Toyota positioned the Auris as the replacement for the Corolla hatchback, while the notchback sedan continued with the Corolla nameplate.
For the first generation only, the more luxurious Auris was named Toyota Blade in Japan. The Auris succeeds the Toyota Allex in Japan and the Corolla RunX. Toyota Australia and Toyota New Zealand resisted suggestions from Toyota Japan to adopt the new European Auris name for the Corolla.
The Japan model went on sale at "Netz" dealers in 2006, while European models went on sale in 2007. It is also available at Toyopet Store dealers as of 18 April 2016.